Vol. 2, Issue 4 (2016)
Biogas production from municipal organic waste
Author(s): Ntunde DI
Abstract: Proper disposal of municipal solid waste is one of the major challenges for responsible waste management authorities. Various studies reveal that about 50 to 70% of the generated waste is collected in Nigeria while the rest of the waste lies in the street, walkways and in vacant plots. The collected waste is dumped in the open and uncontrolled landfills without any energy recovery. The present study is an experimental study where an attempt is made to find out sustainable solution for the disposal of municipal organic waste of the country. In the present study it is found that biogas production from the municipal organic waste is a sustainable source of handling the waste. Hence, the biogas production will also help to achieve sustainable development in the country due to reducing the gap of demand and supply of electricity shortfall through renewable energy sources (biogas), greenhouse gas emission reduction substituting the fossil fuel and receiving the economic benefits from biogas. The maximum biogas yield from the experiment was 11.4 litres. There was no biogas yield from first day to the fourth day. The maximum slurry temperature recorded from the experiment was 42 °C.